Wednesday, 15 July 2015

June 2015 overview

Groundwater levels, June 2015
Overall, June was dry, especially in parts of south-east England, and sunnier than average. With dry conditions over the main outcrop areas, particularly in the far south-east, and some notably warm spells later in the month, by the end of the month soil moisture deficits (SMDs) climbed to well above the average for late June. Correspondingly, groundwater levels in all indicator wells fell during June as would be expected at this time of year, when any rainfall is likely to be lost as evapotranspiration.

In the Chalk the pattern established in recent months continued. Levels were above normal for the time of year at Little Bucket Farm (Kent), but generally levels were normal or below, with below normal levels in western parts of the aquifer (Wessex and western parts of the South Downs) and parts of East Anglia and Yorkshire. Ashton Farm in Wessex recorded its fifth lowest June average level in a 42 year record. 

In the Magnesian and Jurassic limestone aquifers levels were either normal or below, and levels in the Carboniferous Limestone of South Wales and Derbyshire remained in the normal range.  

Groundwater levels at Newbridge in the Permo-Triassic Sandstones
In the Permo-Triassic sandstones, levels were average or well above; Nuttalls Farm in the West Midlands saw exceptionally high levels while Newbridge (south west Scotland) reached a record high for June (see hydrograph).  These aquifers respond slowly to changes in rainfall, and the latter is located in an area that has seen moderately above-average rainfall over recent months.

For more information, see the Hydrological Summary for June 2015 [PDF].

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